herstory

Norfolk Island 1949

Introduction

1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Name

I am born.

Screen shot from 'Roget's Circular' Interactive CDROM (2001) Image by Melissa Smith

 

I am born to an Australian mother and English father. She identifies as an Australian Aboriginal with Irish and Scottish ancestors. He identifies as an atheist and 'card holding' member of the Australian Communist Party. My mother's mother denies her aboriginality. My father's father is a spy for General McCarthur. My parents meet in Melbourne and elope to Norfolk Island where I am born before they marry.

 

A.S.I.O., Australia's counter-espionage agency designed to handle international security matters, was established.

Work commenced on the Snowly Mountains Scheme to divert the water from the Snowy and Eucumbene rivers inland for irrigation.

Nationality and Citizenship Act passed, by which Australians became Australian (rather than British) citizens although British passports were retained.

The Australian Almanac, Pub. Angus & Robertson 1985

 

1949: Voting rights granted to Aboriginal servicemen. The Australian Aborigines League (AAL), formed in 1932 by William Cooper, fought to end all discriminatory practices against Aboriginal people in "civic, political and economic" spheres and demanded full citizens "rights". The Australian Government agreed and in 1949 the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 was amended to give the Federal vote to Aboriginal people who were serving, or who had served, in the defence forces.

1962: Voting rights for all Aboriginal people In 1962 the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 was again amended to give all Aboriginal people the right to vote in Commonwealth elections, although voting was not compulsory.

1983: Voting becomes compulsory A further amendment to the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 was passed in 1983 which made voting compulsory for all enrolled Aboriginal people.

Today Aboriginal people have the same citizenship rights as other Australians. However, they are typically underrepresented when elections arise. Fewer Aboriginal people cast their vote on election day than are eligible and there are currently no Aboriginals in the Australian Parliament. In contrast, a number of Aboriginal people do currently represent electorates at State and Territorial level, and South Australia has had an Aboriginal Governor, Sir Douglas Nicholls.

Victorian Electoral Commission (VEC) URL:A history of Aboriginal voting rights. https://www.vec.vic.gov.au/Education/education-programs-aboriginal-history.html Accessed 28 Deceember 2012